University of Massachusetts, Amherst                                                                 L.Lovett

Review Strategies for the First History 388 Exam

As you review for the exam, I suggest thinking about some of the details in course readings & lectures as exercises to prepare yourself for the kinds of emphases and connections that should characterize a good exam question. I think a good exam question allows for multiple ways to think about the material and helps a student discover connections or themes.

The WebCT discussion board for this class also includes ideas about themes and questions which I think are relevant for this exam. Please come talk to me  or email questions if you need any  help.


Use these strategies to try to find connections by seeking patterns among the range of phenomena covered. Unless it's a primary source (P), I've identified the author or locale who discusses the idea or individual. These are NOT exhaustive NOR should the list be considered mandatory. These are exercises to help you think about how you would put together individual examples from course materials.

(1)    Finding the "Common Thread" ­can you discover  common elements among the disparate phenomena listed in each group?

a)    "Positive Models of Womanhood"
representation of the "good wife" in Puritan ideology (Ulrich)
representation of the "Indian Princess" (Greene,  Image Database on WebCT)
representation of the impact of Christian enslavement in Wheatleyıs poem (P)
representation of "Republican Motherhood" (Kerber, P)
representation of Hannah Dunstan and Mary Rowlandson in Matherıs introduction and sermons (P)
b)     "Legal Standing"
Law of Coverture in Anglo-American law (Kerber, Ulrich)
Matrilineality in Native American societies (Evans, Hope Coleıs Class Presentation, Brooks, P)
Virginia Law of 1662 and 1691 on Slavery (P)
Widow's portion (Ulrich, Karlsen, P, Lecture)
Wabanacki "laws" of Anglo womenıs position (Nash)
Beatrice Plummerıs Estate  Inventory (Ulrich)
c).   "Womenıs Labor in the Colonies"
Rowlandsonıs sewing, nursing (P)
Weetamooıs belts (P)
Task v. gang work on plantations (Berkin)
Hearth (Ulrich, Image database, Porter-Phelps House)
Martha Ballardıs business and household (A Midwiveıs Tale)
Elizabeth Phelpıs cheese business (Porter-Phelpıs House)
Sarah Osbornıs "cooking" (P)
d)."Sex & Gender Roles"
T. Hallıs skills (and decision about identity) (Norton)
African womenıs childcare patterns (Morgan, Image Database)
Sachem in Wampanoag/Narangansett/Pocosett (Evans, P)
Hannah Graftonıs inventory (Ulrich)
Agricultural labor among Native American women (Evans, Hope Coleıs presentation)
Charges against Anne Hutchinson (P)
Women accused of practicing witchcraft (Karlsen)
Esther DeBerdt Reedıs call for flax spinning (P, Kerber)
Role of Midwife (P: Anne Hutchinson, A Midwifeıs Tale
e). Women's Networks in Colonial Context"
 Anne Hutchinsonıs followers (P)
Gullah and childnaming practices on Plantations (Berkin)
Virginia Women Œsearchers" in T. Hall case (Norton)
Susanna Martin & Mary jones (Karlsen)
Martha Ballardıs networks (A Midwifeıs Tale)
Women who knew about Sarah Grosvenorıs abortion (presentation on 10/6)


(2)   Following the Trajectory ­ what course of change or line of development is suggested by starting with the first item in each group and proceeding to the last?
a). "African American Women in Colonial Context"
Image of African women in travel narratives (Morgan)
Virginia law of 1661 (P)
Life of  Mary and Anthony Johnson (Berkin)
Task v. Gang labor system on plantations (Berkin)
1691 law prohibiting "abominable mixture" (P)
Public verification that Poems Upon Various Subjects was written by "Phillis, a young negro girl" (P)
John Addamsı response  to Abigail Addams on servants/slaves (P)
b). "Anglo American Women in Colonial Context"
brides/ indentured servants in Colonial Virginia (Lecture, Norton)
Widows in Colonial Virginia
goodwives in Puritan context (Ulrich)
Anne Hutchinsonıs followers (P)
 Scoldıs bridle wearers (Image Database)
Women who inherit property in Essex County without male heirs (Karlsen)
Entrepeneurs like Elizabeth Phelps or Sarah Osborn (tour, Kerber)
Abigail Addams & Rachel Wellsı expectations from Amer Revın (P)
Martha Ballard (A Midwifeıs Tale)
  c). "Native American Women in a Colonial Context"
"Indian Queen" (Greene, Image Database)
Iroquoian Women (Berkin)
Juana Hurtado Galvan (Brooks)
Ideal Woman in Micmaq Captivity story (Nash)
Weetamoo (P)
Commanche Womenıs "Shakedown Dance" (Brooks)
Indians in John Addamsı letter or A Midwifeıs Tale
(3). Oppositions: Think about the kinds of "confrontations" occur between the values and ideas embodied in two elements of events which seem similar. EXAMPLES BELOW:
                                                                       i.     Death of Rowlandsonıs child ­ Death of Weetamooıs child
                                                                         ii.     Rowlandsonıs experience of enslavement ­ Wheatleyıs experience of enslavement
(4). "Subverting Rules": How can we understand models, practices or rules by examining exceptions to them? You may want to think about how the following suggest normative practices:
a)    Widows in Virginia
b)     Anne Hutchinson
c)     Women accused of being witches
d)    Women in interracial relationships
e)     T. Hall
f)     Martha Ballard
g)     Women sentenced to wear a Scoldıs Bridle
h)    Hannah Dustan
i)     Elizabeth Emerson (Dustanıs sister)
j)      Sarah Grosvenor
k)    Deborah Sampson or Rachel Wells