History 323: Modern Germany
Tobin Hall room 204 – TR 11:15 am – 12:05 pm

Politics of 18th Century Germany  
  1. The Reich (Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
  2. The Stände (The Estates)
  3. Politics in Austria
  4. Politics of Prussia

 

Terms:

  • Reichstag
  • Aulic Council
  • Stände (Estates)
  • Maria Theresa

 

Society & Culture in 18th Century Germany  
  1. German Society
    1. Traditional Social Order
    2. The Family
    3. Agricultural Life
    4. Towns and Guilds
  2. German Culture
    1. A New Culture of Text
    2. Defining a "National Culture"
    3. A National Literary Culture
    4. Germany's New Literary Figures
    5. Germany's Philosophers
    6. Politics and Culture

 

Terms:

  • Hausherr
  • Guilds
  • Literary Culture
  • Bildungsbürgertum
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Immanuel Kant

 

The French Revolution and the German States  
  1. The French Revolution
  2. The Cultural Impact in the German Lands
  3. The Political Impact in the German Lands
  4. Napoleon's Wars and the German Landscape
  5. The German Response
  6. The Turning of the Tide
  7. Napoleon's Defeat

 

Terms:

  • The French Revolution
  • Napoleon
  • The Grand Duchy of Berg
  • Prussian Reforms
  • Battle of Nations

 

The Congress of Vienna  
  1. Introduction
  2. Day to Day Life at the Talks
  3. Redrawing the Map of Europe
  4. Competing Visions of "Germany"
  5. The German Confederation
  6. New Germany
  7. Conclusion

 

Terms:

  • Congress of Vienna
  • Prince von Metternich
  • Karl August Hardenberg
  • Forty-One Articles
  • German Confederation
  • Wallhala

 

Romanticism and the Fraternities  
  1. Romanticism
    1. Founding Cultural Elements of Romanticism
    2. Two Generations of Romantics
    3. Romantics and Nature
    4. Romantics and Religion
  2. The Fraternities (Burschenschaften)
    1. The Wartburgfest
    2. The Radicalization of the Fraternities
    3. Metternich's Response

 

Terms:

  • Romanticism
  • Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Caspar David Friedrich
  • Fraternities
  • Wartburgfest
  • Karl Sand

 

The Vormärz: Setting the Stage for Revolution  
  1. Liberals and Conservatives
  2. Reactionary Restoration
  3. The Hambacher Fest
  4. The Göttingen Seven
  5. The German Customs Union
  6. Limited Industrializatino and Urbanization

 

Terms:

  • Vormärz (Pre-March)
  • Hambacher Festival
  • Göttingen Seven
  • Zollverein (Customs Union)
  • The German "Worker"

 

The 1848 Revolution and the Frankfurt Parliament  
  1. The New Political Parties
  2. The 1848 Revolutions
    1. Vienna
    2. Berlin
    3. Workers
    4. Women
  3. The Frankfurt Parliament

 

Terms:

  • Catholic Party
  • Democrats
  • Socialism
  • 1848 Revolutions
  • National Assembly
  • kleindeutsch

 

The German Bürgertum and the Working Class  
  1. Introduction
  2. Economic Growth
  3. Economic Progress
  4. Rapid Growth
  5. Service and Industry
  6. The Slow Decline of the Aristocracy
  7. The Emergence of the German Working Class

 

Terms:

  • Industrialization
  • Economic Progress
  • Congress of German Economists
  • The Ruhr
  • Ferdinand Lassalle
  • Social Democratic Workers' Party

 

The Decade of German Unification  
  1. Setting the Stage
  2. Renewed German Nationalism
  3. Otto von Bismarck
  4. National Awakening
  5. Wars of Unification
    1. Schleswig-Holstein (1864)
    2. Austria (1866)
    3. France (1870-71)

 

Terms:

  • German Unification
  • Otto von Bismarck
  • German National Association
  • Battle of Königgrätz
  • Franco-Prussian War

 

Bismarck's Germany  
  1. The German Reich
  2. A Clash of Cultures
  3. Attacking the Working Class
  4. Bismarck's Foreign Policy
  5. German Imperialism

 

Terms:

  • Reichstag
  • National Liberals
  • Kulturkampf
  • Anti-Socialist Laws
  • Bad Kissingen Dictate
  • Carl Peters

 

Wilhelmine Society  
  1. Wilhelm II and Germany's Place in the World
  2. Demographic and Social Change
  3. Modern Life
  4. The Working Class and Upward Mobility
  5. Women in Wilhelmine Germany

 

Terms:

  • Wilhelm II
  • Mechanization
  • Commercial Councilor
  • The Ks
  • Federation of German Women's Associations (BDF)

 

Politics after Bismarck  
  1. Politics after Bismarck
    1. Chancellor Caprivi
    2. Chancellor Hohenlohe
    3. Chancellor von Bülow
  2. Wilhelm II's Foreign Policy
    1. Weltpolitik
    2. Navalism
    3. Prelude to War

 

Terms:

  • Caprivi
  • Agrarian League
  • Sammlungspolitik (Bringing Together Policy)
  • Daily Telegraph Affair
  • Moroccan Crises

 

Outbreak of World War I  
  1. Bismarck's Alliance System
  2. The Coming of War
  3. The Shot Heard Round the World
  4. The Final Crisis
  5. Expansion of the War
  6. Total War and the Home Front

 

Terms:

  • Dual Alliance
  • Entente
  • Moroccan Crises
  • Gavrillo Princip
  • Bethmann-Holweg
  • Schlieffen Plan
  • Burgfrienden (Castle Peace)

 

World War I  
  1. The Short War Illusion
  2. Total War
  3. Eastern Front
  4. Verdun
  5. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  6. Brest-Litovsk
  7. Final Campaigns
  8. Armistice and Versailles

 

Terms:

  • Total War
  • Tannenberg
  • Hindenberg
  • Brest-Litovsk
  • Armistice
  • Versailles

 

Weimar Republic: Return to Normalcy  
  1. The Aftermath of the War
    1. The German Revolution
    2. Rebuilding Germany
  2. Economic Dificulties
    1. Finding a Scapegoat
    2. Descent into Economic Crisis
    3. The Crisis of 1923
  3. Stabilization

Terms:

  • November Revolution
  • Weimar Republic
  • Kapp Putsch
  • Ruhr Crisis
  • Hyperinflation
  • Gustav Stresemann

 

Weimar Republic: The Golden Years  
  1. The Golden Age
    1. Weimar Culture
    2. Popular Leisure
  2. The Slow Decline into Chaos
    1. Economic Tensions
    2. The Founding of the NSDAP
    3. The Rise of the Nazi Party
  3. The Nazi Seizure of Power

Terms:

  • Modernism
  • Hindenburg
  • Bauhaus
  • Bier Hall Putsch
  • Adolf Hitler
  • 1930 Elections

 

The Nazi Revolution  
  1. Nazi Seizure of Power
  2. Nazi Economic Policies
  3. Nazi State Structure
  4. Playing to the Masses
  5. Winning over the Workers
  6. Building a "People's Community"
  7. Persecution of the Jews

Terms:

  • Nazi Revolution
  • Reichstag Fire
  • The Führer Principle
  • Gleichschaltung
  • Nuremberg Laws

 

Hitler's Foreign Policy  
  1. The Skillful Negotiator
    1. Arms Reduction Talks
    2. Poland, Austria, and Italy
  2. Next Steps
    1. Hitler's "Saturday Surprises"
    2. Anglo-German Naval Accord
    3. Remilitarization of the Rhine
  3. Preparations for War
    1. An Anglo-German Alliance?
    2. Italy & Spain
    3. Japan
    4. Anglo-German Naval Accord
    5. Remilitarization of the Rhine
  4. German Irredentism
    1. Lebensraum
    2. The Annexation (Anschluß) of Austria

Terms:

  • Saturday Surprises
  • Remilitarization of the Rhine
  • The Berlin-Rome Axis
  • The Anti-Comintern Pact
  • The Anschluß of Austria

 

Outbreak of World War II  
  1. Mounting tensions
    1. Sudeten Crisis
    2. The Polish Corridor
  2. Hitler's War
    1. Blitzkrieg
    2. The Nordic Diversion
    3. The Invasion of Holland, Belgium, and France
    4. Battle of Britain
    5. Operation Barbarossa
    6. Terms:

Terms:

  • Munich Agreement
  • Danzig
  • Blitzkrieg
  • Invasion of Norway
  • Battle of Britain
  • Operation Barbarossa
  • Saar/plebesite
  • Rhineland/remilitarizationEinsatzgruppen

 

World War II  
  1. Operation Barbarossa
    1. Preparation
    2. Attack
  2. The American Diversion
  3. Occupied Europe
    1. The New Order in Europe
    2. Western Europe
    3. Vichy France
    4. Eastern Europe

 

Terms:

  • Operation Barbarossa
  • New Order in Europe
  • Vichy France
  • Marshal Petain
  • Maquis
  • Lebensraum
  • Ordenland

 

The Holocaust  
  1. Phase One
    1. The Einsatzgruppen
    2. Organized Murder
  2. Phase Two
    1. The Meeting at Wannsee
    2. Auschwitz and the Extermination Camps
    3. The Gas Chambers
    4. The Other Concentration Camps
    5. Death Marches & Liberation

 

Terms:

  • Einsatzgruppen
  • Reinhard Heydrich
  • Adolf Eichmann
  • Wannsee Conference
  • Auschwitz
  • Zyklon B

 

The Postwar Settlement  
  1. Postwar Settlement
  2. Zero Hour
  3. The Potsdam Conference
  4. De-Nazification
  5. The Berlin Blockade
  6. The Founding of Two Germanies

 

Terms:

  • Stalingrad
  • Zero Hour
  • Potsdam
  • Nuremberg Trials
  • Berlin Blockade

 

Divided Germany 1949-1963  
  1. Divergent Paths
  2. Adenauer's West Germany
    1. Policy of Strength
    2. Western Integration
    3. Sovereignty
    4. Economic Recovery
  3. Ulbricht's East Germany
    1. Building Socialism
    2. Collectivization and Industrialization
    3. The 1953 Revolt
    4. The Berlin Wall

Terms:

  • Konrad Adenauer
  • European Coal and Steel Community
  • Economic Miracle
  • Social Market Economy
  • Walter Ulbricht
  • Socialist Unity Party
  • June 17, 1953
  • Berlin Wall

 

Divided Germany 1963-1989  
  1. The Second Berlin Crisis
    1. Building the Berlin Wall
    2. A New Stability
  2. Social Unrest
    1. Student Protests
    2. Domestic Terrorism
  3. New Ostpolitik
    1. USSR
    2. Poland
    3. GDR
  4. The East German Revolution
    1. Mounting Protest
    2. Flight
    3. Collapse

Terms:

  • Berlin Wall
  • 1968
  • RAF (Red Army Faction)
  • Willy Brandt
  • Ostpolitik
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall