Research Areas        

Game Theory

Economic Theory

General Equilibrium Theory

Political Theory

Social Policy



Unifying Social Science

Sociological Theory

Theory of the Firm




Universal Principles of Human Morality
Current Anthropology

The Evolution of Virtue
Center for Humans and Nature (2018)

Review of Robert A. Paul
Mixed Messages: Cultural and Genetic Inheritance
in the Constitution of Human Society

Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture (2016)

Sociology of the Genome
Ch. 9 of Indiividuality and Entanglement
Princeton University Press, 2016

Zoon Politikon:The Evolutionary Origins of Human Political Systems
with Carel van Schaik and Christopher Boehm

Current Anthropology (56,3)
June, 2015

Observations on Zoon Politikon:
A Reply to Commentators

with Carel van Schaik and Christopher Boehm
Current Anthropology (2015)

A Framework for Modeling Human Evolution
Comments on Richerson et al.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences (2015)

The Distributed Brain
Nature (2014)

What is Unique about Human Thinking?
Review of Michael Tomasello,
A Natural History of Human Thinking


A Typology of Human Morality
Forthcoming: Journal of Economic Behavior
and Organization

The Structure and Evolution of Morality:
Public and Private Persona

A Consilient World: Integrating Knowledge about Human Nature
Edited by Joseph Carroll (2015)

Inclusive Fitness and the Sociobiology of the Genome
Biology and Philosophy (June 2014)

Altruistic Reciprocity
Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity
   and the Social Enterprise

(Edward Elgar 2013)

The Evolutionary Roots of Human Hyper-Cognition
Journal of Bioeconomics, 2012

The Social Structure of Cooperation and Punishment
with Ernst Fehr

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35,1 (2012)28--29

Coordinated Punishment of Defectors
Sustains Cooperation and Can
Proliferate When Rare

with Robert Boyd and Samuel Bowles
Science, 2010

Strengthening Strong Reciprocity
with Kuiying Deng and Tianguag Chu

Journal of Theoretical Biology, 2010

Gene-Culture Coevolution and the Nature of Human Sociality
Special Issue on Human Niche Construction of the
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. (2010)

The Structure and Evolution of
Morality in H. Sapiens

Lecture given at the National Science Foundation

Strong Reciprocity and Team Production: Theory and Evidence
[with Samuel Bowles, Jeff Carpenter, and Sung-ha Hwang]

Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2009)

Punishment and Cooperation
Science (2008)

Strong Reciprocity and the Roots of Human Morality
with Joseph Henrich, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, and Ernst Fehr
Social Justice Research (2007)

The Evolution of Private Property
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, (2007)

The Foundations of Behavior: The Beliefs,
The Preferences, and Constraints Model

Biological Theory

Adapting Minds and Evolutionary Psychology
Journal of Bioeconomics (2006)

Moral Sentiments and Material Interests
with Samuel Bowles, Rob Boyd, and Enrst Fehr
MIT Press, 2005

'Economic Man' in Cross-cultural Perspective:
Ethnography and Experiments from 15 Small-scale Societies

[with Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles,
Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard,
Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White,
Michael Gurven, Frank Marlowe, John Q. Patton, Natalie Smith,
and David Tracer]
Behavioral and Brain Science (2005)

The Genetic Side of Gene-Culture Coevolution:
Internalization of Norms and Prosocial Emotions

Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

Solving The Puzzle of Prosociality
Rationality and Society (2003)

The Hitchhikers Guide to Altruism:
Gene-culture Coevolution,
and the Internalization of Norms

Journal of Theoretical Biology

The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment
with Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, and Peter Richerson

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vol 100 No. 6, 2003

Cooperation can Evolve With
or Without Group Selection
with Samuel Bowles

Theoretical Primatology (2003)

The Origins of Human Cooperation
[with Samuel Bowles]
in Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation
MIT Press (2003)

Explaining Altruistic Behavior in Humans
[with Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, and Ernst Fehr]
Evolution & Human Behavior (2003)

Atruism and Emotions
Behavioral and Brain Sciences (2002)

Costly Signaling and Cooperation
[with Eric Alden Smith and Samuel Bowles]
Journal of Theoretical Biology (2001)

Cooperation, Reciprocity and Punishment in Fifteen Small-scale Societies
[with Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles,
Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, and Richard McElreath]
American Economic Review (2001)

Classical Versus Evolutionary Game Theory
Journal of ConsciousnessStudies

Group Selection and Human Prosociality
Journal of Consciousness Studies

Strong Reciprocity and Human Sociality
Journal of Theoretical Biology (2000)

The Long Shadow of Work: Education, the Family, and the Reproduction
of the Social Division of Labor"

with Samuel Bowles and Peter Meyer
Insurgent Sociologist (1975)

Social Policy

The Moral Basis of the Business World
Financial World (2014)

Corporate Corruption and the Failure of Business School

with R. Khurana, in Moral Markets: The Critical Role of Values in the Economy
(ed. Zak, P. J.) (Princeton Univ. Press, 2008)

Reciprocity and the Welfare State
[with Samuel Bowles and Christina Fong]

in Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, and Ernst Fehr
Moral Sentiments and Material Interests (2005)

Social Capital and Community Governance
with Samuel Bowles
Economic Journal 112,483 (2002)

The Inheritance of Inequality
[with Samuel Bowles]
Journal of Economic Perspectives (2002)

Personality, Behavior and Earnings
[with Samuel Bowles and Melissa Osborne]
American Economic Review (2001)

The Determinants of Individual Earnings:
Skills, Preferences, and Schooling

[with Samuel Bowles and Melissa Osborne]
Journal of Economic Literature (2001)

The Inheritance of Economic Status: Education, Class and Genetics
[with Samuel Bowles]
Marcus Feldman, ed. Genetics, Behavior and Society,
a volume in Neil Smelser and Paul Baltes (eds.),
International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2001)

Wealth Inequality, Wealth Constraints, and Economic Performance
[with Samuel Bowles and Pranab Bardhan]
Handbook of Income Distribution
François Bourguignon and Anthony Atkinson (eds.) (2000)

Is Equality Passť? Homo Reciprocans and the
Future of Egalitarian Politics

with Samuel Bowles
Boston Review

The Moral Economy of Community:
Structured Populations and the Evolution
of Prosocial Norms

with Samuel Bowles
Evolution and Human Behavior (1998)

The Political Economy of School Choice
Teacher's College Record
Spring 1995

A Political and Economic Case for
the Democratic Enterprise

with Samuel Bowles
Economics and Philosophy

Why Schumpeter Got it Wrong in Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy
January 1991

Memo to Clinton: Economics
with Samuel Bowles
Tikkun (1988)

Education, Technology, and the
Characteristics of Worker Productivity

American Economic Review

General Equilibrium Theory

Decentralized Pricing and the Strategic Stability of
Walrasian General Equilibrium

with Antoine Mandel
Journal of Mathematical Economcs 63 (2016)

The Stability and Fragility of Walrasian General Equilibrium
Presentation at UCLA

The Stochastic Stability of General Equilibrium
with Antoine Mandel
Mathematical Social Sciences (2014)

The Dynamics of Walrasian General Equilibrium:
Theory and Application

with Antoine Mandel
Complexity Economics, 2013

Markov Processes and Social Exchange: Theory and

ACM Transactions in Intelligent Systems and Technology, July, 2013

The Dynamics of Pure Market Exchange
in Complexity and Institutions:
Markets, Norms, and Corporations

Masahiko Aoki, Kenneth Binmore, Simon Deakin, and Herbert Gintis (eds.)
Palgrave Macmillan 2012

The Dynamics of General Equilibrium
Economic Journal (2007)

The Emergence of a Price System from Decentralized Bilateral Exchange
B. E. Journal of Theoretical Economics 6,1,13 (2006)

Review of Eric D. Beinhocker, "The Origin of Wealth: Evolution,
Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics"

Journal of Economic Literature
December 2006

Theory of the Firm

Financial Markets and the Political Structure of the Enterprise
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 11 (1989):311--322.

Profits, Optimality, and the Social Division of
Labor in the Firm

Herbert Gintis and Donald Katzner
in Louis Levy-Garboua (ed.)
Socioeconomics (1979)

Behavioral and Evolutionary Game Theory

The Future of Behavioral Game Theory
Reply to Binmore: Social Norms or Social Preferences? (2011)

Behavioral Ethics
Edward Slingerland and Mark Collard (eds),
Integrating Science and the Humanities: Interdisciplinary Approaches (2010)

Experimental Economics Will Foster a Renaissance of Economic Theory
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2010)

Blaming the Messenger:
Notes on the Current State of Experimental Economics

with Catherine Eckel
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

Subgame Perfection in Evolutionary Dynamics with Recurrent Mutations
with Ross Cressman and Thijs Ruijgrok
in J. Barkley Rosser (ed.), Handbook of Research on Complexity
Edward Elgar (2009)

Behavioral Game Theory and Contemporary Economic Theory
Analyse & Kritik (2005)

Beyond Homo Economicus: Evidence From Experimental Economics
Ecological Economics (2000)

Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Video Lecture:
Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

University of Leicester, 2014

The Role of Cognitive Processes in
Unifying the Behavioral Science

Grounding Social Sciences in
Cognitive Sciences
Ron Sun (ed.)
MIT Press

Behavioral Ethics
Herbert Gintis

in Edward Slingerland and Mark Collard, eds.
Creating consilience: integrating the sciences
and the humanities.
Oxford University Press (2011)

Video Lecture:

Five Principles for the Unification
   of the Behavioral Sciences (2009)

Five Principles for the Unification
   of the Behavioral Sciences

Final chapter of Herbert Gintis The Bounds of Reason
   Princeton University Press (2009)

A Framework for the Integration of the Behavioral Sciences
(with Open Commentaries and Author's Response)
Behavioral and Brain Sciences (2006)

Welfare Criteria with Endogenous Preferences:
The Economics of Education

International Economic Review

Economic Theory

New Directions for
Behavioral Social Science

International Meeting in Experimental
and Behavioral Social Science
Florence, Italy (2018)

Economic Theory and Social Policy:
Where We Are, Where We Are Headed

Journal of Imaginative Studies (2018)

Rejoinder: Simplicity and
Complexity in Economic Theory

Journal of Imaginative Studies (2018)

Rational Choice Explained and Defended
in The Mystery of Rationality
Francesco Di Iorio and Gerald Bronner (eds.)

The Rational Actor Model after the Behavioral Economics Revolution
World Bank
Tucson, AZ

Price Dynamics, Financial Fragility and Aggregate Volatility
Antoine Mandel, Simone Landini, Mauro Gallegati and Herbert Gintis
Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control
February, 2015

Hayek's Contribution to a Reconstruction of Economic Theory
Hayek and Behavioral Economics
Macmillan, Palgrave (2013)

Bayesian Rationality, Social Epistemology, and the Choreographer
paper presented at the Rational Choice Seminar,
Department of Economics, University of Chicago (2012)

Social Norms as Choreography
Politics, Philosophy, and Economics (2010)
A version of this paper appears in
Evolution and Rationality: Decisions, Co-operation and Strategic Behaviour
edited by Samir Okasha and Ken Binmore

Bayesian Rationality and Common Knowledge
Rationality and Society August, 2010

The Local Best Response Criterion:
An Epistemic Approach to Equilibrium Refinement

Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2009)

The Economy as Complex Adaptive System
A Review of Eric D. Beinhocker
The Origins of Wealth

Journal of Economic Literature (2006)

Persistent Parochialism: Trust and Exclusion in Ethnic Networks
[with Samuel Bowles]
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2004)

Reciprocity, Self-Interest,
and the Welfare State

Nordic Journal of Political Economy
Herbert Gintis and Samuel Bowles

Walrasian Economics in Retrospect
[with Samuel Bowles]
Quarterly Journal of Economics (2000)

Economic Power:
The Political Structure of Voluntary Exchanges
with Samuel Bowles

in Samuel Bowles, Mauricio Franzini and Ugo Pagano (Eds.)
The Politics the Economics of Power
(London: Routledge, 1998).

The Revenge of Homo Economicus: Contested
Exchange and the Revival of Political Economy

with Samuel Bowles
Journal of Economic Perspectives
February 1993

The Power of Capital: On the Inadequacy
of the Conception of the Capitalist Economy
as "Private"

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis
The Philosophical Forum

The Crisis of Liberal Democratic Capitalism
with Samuel Bowles

Politics & Society (1982)

Structure and Practice in the Labor Theory of Value
with Samuel Bowles
of Radical Political Economics (1981)

The Invisible Fist: Have Capitalism and Democracy Reached a Parting of
the Ways?

American Economic Review
May, 1978

The Marxian theory of value and hetero-geneous labour:
a critique and reformulation

Herbert Gintis and Samuel Bowles
Cambridge Journal of Economcis (1977)

The Nature of the Labor Exchange and the Theory of Capitalist Production
Review of Radical Political Economics (1976)

The Problem with Human Capital Theory
with Samuel Bowles
American Economic Review

Welfare Economics and Individual Development:
A Reply to Talcott Parsons

Quarterly Journal of Economics
February, 1975

Consumer Behavior and the Concept of Sovereignty:
Explanations of Social Decay

American Economic Review
May 1972

A Radical Analysis of Welfare Economics
and Individual Development

Quarterly Journal of Economics

A Radical Analysis of Welfare Economics and Individual Development
Quarterly Journal of Economics (1972)

Political Theory

Rational Choice in Public
and Private Spheres

University of Leicester

Rational Choice in Private and Public Spheres

University of Leicester (2016)

Homo Ludens: Social Rationality
and Political Behavior

Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

Private and Public Persona:
The Two Faces of Homo Politikon

Zurich 2014

Homo Economicus and Zoon Politikon:
Behavioral Game Theory and Political Behavior

with Samuel Bowles,
Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis (2008)

The Evolutionary Basis of Collective Action
with Samuel Bowles
Oxford Handbook of Political Economy (2008)

with Samuel Bowles,
The New Palgrave (2006)

Corporate Honesty-A Behavioral Model
with Rakesh Khurana (2006)

Behavioral Ethics Meets Natural Justice
Politics, Philosophy and Economics (2006)

Contested Exchange: New Microfoundations
for the Political Economy of Capitalism

with Samuel Bowles
Politics and Society

State and Class in European Feudalism
with Samuel Bowles
in Charles Bright and Susan Harding (Eds.)
Statemaking and Social Movements (1984)

Communication and Politics:
The "Problem" of Liberal Democracy

Socialist Review (10,2-3)

Sociological Theory

An Analytical Core for Sociology
Chapter 6 of Individuality and Entaglement
Princeton Uniuversity Press

The Theory of Action Reclaimed
Chapter 7 of Individuality and Entanglement
Princeton University Press, 2016

General Social Equilibrium and its Dynamics
Stanford University
Memorial for Masahiko Aoki (2015)

Homo Socialis: An Analytical Core for Sociological Theory
with Dirk Helbing
Revue of Behavioral Economics (2015)

Modeling Homo Socialis: A Reply to Critics
Revue of Behavioral Economics (2015)

Homo Socialis: An Analytical Core
for Sociological Theory

PowerPoint Presentation
Zurich 2014

Video Lecture:
Homo Socialis: An Analytical Core
for Sociological Theory

ETH Zurich (2014)

Video Lecture:
Darwin and Modern Science: The Evolution of Morality

Bicentenary Celebration of Darwin's Birth
London, 2009

Video Lecture:
Sociology: An Analytical Core

ETH Zurich (2013)

Sociology: An Analytical Core
July, 2013

Human Nature and Social Cooperation
with Ernst Fehr,
Annual Review of Sociology (2007)

Behavioral Game Theory and Sociology

Schoolingin Capitalist America Twenty-Five Years Later
Sociological Forum

In Search of Homo Economicus: Behavioral Experiments
in 15 Small-Scale Societies

with J.Henrich, R. Boyd, S. Bowles, C. Camerer, E. Fehr, and R.McElreath
American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings

Does School Raise Earnings by Making People Smarter?
with Samuel Bowles
in Kenneth Arrow, Samuel Bowles, and Steven Durlauf (eds.)
Meritocracy and Economic Inequality
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 2000):118-136.

Contradiction and Reproduction in Educational Theory
with Samuel Bowles
in Len Barton et al. (Eds.)
Schooling, Ideology, and Curriculum (1981)

Towards a Political Economy of Edicuation:
A Radical Critique of Ivan Illich's
Deschooling Society

Harvard Educational Review
February 1972


Mathematical Literacy for Humanists
Draft (2018)

Errata for Game Theory Evolving

Understanding Social Networks:
Comments on Dunbar and Baumard
Cliodynamics 2,3 (2012)

An Efficient Algorithm for Solving
Two-Player Games

The Bounds of Reason: Preface to the Japanese Edition (2009)

Interview with the Phi Beta Kappa Society (2009)

Schooling in Capitalist America Revisited
[with Samuel Bowles]
Sociology of Education (2002)

The analytical foundations of contemporary political economy:
A comment on Hunt

Radical Economics (1992)


Homogeneity and Isotropy Imply the Lorentz Transformation


How humans cooperate and punish
Nature: Human Behavior
September, 2017

Paul Seabright's The War of the Sexes
A Review

Journal of Bioeconomics

Does Altruism Exist? Are Science and Reason
Leading Us to a Better World?

Review of D. S. Wilson, Does Altruism Exist?
and Michael Shermer, the Moral Arc
Nature (January 2015)

Joseph Stiglitz, The Price of Inequality:
How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

Norton 2012

Review of Clive Gamble, John Gowlett and Robin Dunbar
Thinking Big: How the Evolution of Social Life
Shaped the Human Mind (2014)

Nature (May 2014)

Review of Michael Tomasello,
A Natural History of Human Thinking

Harvard University Press (2014)

Review of Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's
Problems from the Bottom Up
David Colander and Roland Kupers

Princeton University Press

Mutualism is Only Part of Morality;
Comments on Baumard, Andre and Sperber

Behavioral and Brain Sciences (2013)

Review of Mark Pagel
Wired for Culture: Origins of the Human Social Mind

The Quarterly Review of Biology (2013)

Review of Lawrence Krauss
A Universe From Nothing

Atria (2012)

Review of Mark Pagel
Wired for Culture:
Origins of the Human Social Mond

Norton (2012)

Review of Michael J. Sandel,
What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets

Farrar, Straus and Giroux (2012)

Review of Thomas Sowell
Intellectuals and Society

Basic Books (2012)

Clash of the Titans: A Review of Edward O. Wilson,
The Social Conquest of Earth

BioScience 2012

Review of Philippe Steiner
Durkheim and the Birth
of Economic Sociology

Economic Record

Review of Martin Nowak
Altruism, Evolution, and Why
We Need Each Other to Succeed

Free Press (2011)

Review of Steven Pinker
The Better Angels of our Nature:
Why Violence Has Declined

Viking (2011)

Review of Daniel Kahneman
Thinking Fast And Slow

Farrar, Straus, and Giroux (2011)

Review of Amartya Sen
The Idea of Justice

Belknap Press (2011)

Rational Choice
Review of Itzhak Gilboa,
Rational Choice,

MIT Press

Modalities of Word Usage in
Iintentionality and Causality

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
(33,4) 2010

Review of George Soros
The Soros Lectures

Public Affairs (2010)

Review of Mark E. Borrello,
Evolutionary Restraints: The Contentious History of Group Selection

University of Chicago Press (2010)

Rationality and its Discontents
Review of Ken Binmore, Rational Decisions
The Economic Journal (2010)

Like Minds Can be Small Minds
Nature (2009)

Review of Joan Roughgarden
The Genial Gene

University of California Press (2009)

Review of Thomas Sowell
The Housing Boom and Bust

Basic Books (2009)

Animal Spirits or Complex Dynamics:
A Review of Akerlof and Shiller,
Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives
the Economy and Why it Matters

Journal of Economic Psychology (2009)

Review of Status Signals: A Sociological
Study of Market Competition

Joel M. Podolny
Princeton University Press

Review of Thomas Sowell
Economic Facts And Fallacies

Basic Books (2008)

The Challenge of Affluence
Economic Journal

Review of Jon Elster
Explaining Social Behavior

Cambridge University Press (2007)

Review of Principles of Economic Sociology
Richard Swedberg

Princeton University Press (2007)

Review of Paul Krugman
Conscience of a Liberal

Norton (2007)

Review of Nassim Taleb
The Black Swan

Inverno (2007)

Review of Thomas Sowell
Basic Economics: A Common Sense
Guide to the Economy

Basic Books (2007)

Review of Theodore Burczak,
Socialism After Hayek

University of Michigan Press (2006)

Review of Francis Fukuyama,
The End of History and the Last Man

Free Press (2006)

Review of
Why Men Won't Ask for Directions:
The Seductions of Sociobiology
By Richard C. Francis

Evolutionary Psychology

Review of Edward O. Wilson
On Human Nature

Harvard University Press (2004)

Review of Colin Bruce,
Schroedinger's Rabbits:
The Strange World of Quantum

Joseph Henry Press (2004)

Review of David Graeber
Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology

Paradigm (2004)

Review of Bruno Latour, Politics of Nature:
How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy

Harvard University Press (2004)

Schooling in Capitalist America Revisiteds
with Samuel Bowles

Sociology of Education

The World According to Binmore:
A Review of Ken Binmore, Just Playing

Journal of Economic Literature

Review of Ian Hacking
The Social Construction of What?

Harvard University Press (2000)

Review of Amartya Sen
Development as Freedom

Anchor Press (2000)

Contested Exchange: New Microfoundations of the Political Economy of

with Samuel Bowles
Politics and Society (1990)

Review of Milton Friedman and Rose Friedman, Free to Choose
Mariner Books (1990)

Review of Philop Kitcher, Vaulting Ambition:
Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature

The MIT Press (1987)

Review of Marshall Sahlins,
The Use and Abuse of Biology:
An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology

University of Michigan Press (1977)

Review of Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom
University of Chicago Press (1962)

Review of Talcott Parsons and Edward Shils,
Towards a General Theory of Action

Harper & Row (1951)

Review of Talcott Parsons: The Structure of Social Action:
Marshall, Durkeim, and Weber

Free Press (1937)