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Energy in the Human Body

A Middle School Life Science Curriculum

 
 
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Table of Contents

    Foreword

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

       What Makes This Curriculum Different?
       Target Concepts
       Research, Development, and Findings
       The Theory Behind the Curriculum
       Multiple Strategies for Teaching and Learning
       Connecting to the National Standards for Science
       Inquiry in the Curriculum
       Teaching Modes
       Meeting Diverse Needs
       Critical Path
       Timelines

    How to Use This Curriculum

    Chapter 1 : Energy

       Activity : Building Your Team
       Activity : Where's the Plug?
       Activity : Stranded on a Desert Island
       Criticize and Revise

    Chapter 2 : Supplying Nutrients for Energy

       Investigation 2.0 : Introduction
       Investigation 2.1 : May I Serve You a Carbohydrate?
       Activity : Build a Carbohydrate
       Investigation 2.2 : Does This Mean We're Breaking Up?
       Activity : Experimenting with Digestion
       Investigation 2.3 : Where Did That Apple Go?
       Investigation 2.4 : Mechanical and Chemical Digestion
       Investigation 2.5 : The Mouth and Throat
       Investigation 2.6 : Where Do I Go From Here?
       Investigation 2.7 : The Journey Continues
       Investigation 2.8 : Out of the Stomach and into the...
       Additional Questions to Stimulate Discussion
       Comparing Criticizing, and Revising Model
       Activity : The Eatable Digestive System

    Chapter 3 : Building Blocks of the Body - Cells

       Activity : Clay Ball
       Investigation 3.0 : Introduction
       Investigation 3.1 : What are the Patterns of Life?
       Activity : Ear of Corn Analogy
       Activity : Block Wall
       Investigation 3.2 : O' Say Can You See?

    Chapter 4 : Journey into the Cell

       Investigation 4.1 : Are They All Created Equal?
       Investigation 4.2 : Do We Have Anything in Common?
       Investigation 4.3 : School Analogy

    Chapter 5 : Cooking Up Some Energy in the Mitochondria

       Investigation 5.0 : Introduction
       Investigation 5.1 : Why Do Cells Need Energy?
       Investigation 5.2 : So Where Do We Get Energy?
       Activity : Fire Analogy
       Investigation 5.3 : Are You in the Mood for a Change?
       Investigation 5.4 : ADP-ATP Cycle
       Activity : Popper Analogy
       Criticize and Revise

    Chapter 6 : The Transport System

       Investigation 6.0 : Introduction
       Investigation 6.1 : How Do I Get There From Here?
       Investigation 6.2 : Which Way Do I Go? Investigating Blood Vessels
       Activity : River Delta Analogy
       Activity : Water Pipes Analogy
       Criticize and Revise
       Investigation 6.3 : What is Blood?
       Activity : Delivery Truck Analogy
       Activity : Tub of Toys Analogy
       Activity : Putting Function and Structure of the Blood Together
       Investigation 6.4 : Do We Have a Connection?
       Activity : Egg Lab
       Activity : Dye in Water
       Activity : Other Activities for Diffusion
       Investigation 6.5 : Getting from the Intestines to the Cell
       The Transfer Station : The Capillary Bed
       Teacher Guided Activity : Model Competition of Villi Models
       Investigation 6.6 : Nutrient Exchange Between Body Cells and the Circulatory System
       Criticize and Revise

    Chapter 7 : Breath of Life

       Investigation 7.0 : Introduction
       Investigation 7.1 : Where, O' Where is the Air?
       Investigation 7.2 : The Structure and Function of the Lungs
       Activity : Volume Breath Bag Activity
       Activity : Cube Activity
       Activity : Bag of Beads Activity
       Anaolgy : Grape Analogy
       Investigation 7.3 : Gas Exchange in the Lungs
       Criticize and Revise
       Activity : Pig's Lung Activity

    Chapter 8 : The Connecting Station and Pump House

       Investigation 8.0 : Introduction
       Activity : Make a Model Heart Activity

    Appendix I : Drawing Masters

       Image : Torso - Side
       Image : Body - Front
       Image : Head - Front
       Image : Body - Side
       Image : Head - Side
       Image : Torso - Front

    Appendix II : Assessments

    Appendix III : Misconceptions

       Misconceptions : Energy
       Misconceptions : Digestion
       Misconceptions : Cells
       Misconceptions : Cell Structure and Function
       Misconceptions : Cells- Mitochondria
       Misconceptions : Circulation
       Misconceptions : Pulmonary
       Misconceptions : Heart

    Appendix IV : Extensions, Projects, Application Problems, and Math Connections

       Extension : Where Does Energy Come From?
       Extension : Effect of Exercise on the Body
       Extension : Energy and Me Poster
       Extension : Investigating Nutrients
       Extension : Gumdrop Glucose Models
       Extension : Iron in Cereal Activity
       Extension : Design a Menu Activity
       Extension : Reading Nutrition Labels
       Math Connection : How Long Does Food Stay in the Digestive System
       Extension : Simple Machines and the Digestive System
       Application : Ulcers
       Extension : Internet Investigation
       Extension : Lookout for Giant Pencils
       Extension : How Many Cells Fit on the Head of a Pin
       Extension : A Miniature You
       Extension : Care and Use of the Microscope
       Extension : Letter O Avtivity
       Application : Cancer
       Extension : Totally Cellular Project
       Extension : Eatable Candy Cell
       Extension : Ecosystem Flow Project
       Application : What Happens in the Mitochondria When Oxygen is Cut Off?
       Extension : Shape of Mitochondria Activity
       Extension : Journey to the Center of the Cell Project
       Extension : Book Lift Activity
       Application : Marathon Runner
       Application : Circulation
       Extension : Pasta Circulatory System Project
       Application : Varicose Veins
       Extension : Model of Blood Activity
       Application : Sickle Cell Anemia
       Application : Anemia
       Extension : Surface Area Activities
       Extension : Diffusion Experiments
       Application : Intestinal Surgery
       Extension : Insect Circulation Investigation
       Application : Choking
       Application : Case of the Missing Lung
       Application : Lung Size and Speed
       Application : Effect of Smoking on the Lungs
       Application : Pneumonia
       Application : Pollution
       Extension : Is Measurable Heat Produced by Cellular Respiration?
       Application : Asthma
       Application : Aliens
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