There are two types of adjectives in Old English: Strong Adjectives, which we covered in the previous chapter, and weak adjectives. Almost all Old English adjectives can be either strong or weak, depending on how they are used in a sentence. "Strong" and "weak" are just labels that tell you what ending the adjective takes depending on the case (which, you'll remember, marks the grammatical function) of the noun it is modifying,
Weak Adjectives do not stand on their own; they come paired with a demonstrative.
Alfred the wise king ruled Wessex.
In the example sentence "old" is a weak adjective; the demonstrative pronoun "the" is paired with it.
|Dative and Instrumental||an||an||an|
|Genitive||ra or ena|
|Dative and Instrumental||um|
god = good
|Dative and Instrumental||godan||godan||godan|
|Genitive||godra or godena|
|Dative and Instrumental||godum|
Chapter 7 Vocabulary Words
Some exercises to practice translating Weak Adjectives