Chapter 13 Vocabulary



byrnsweord: flaming sword (strong, neuter)

cirice: church (weak, (feminine)

ealdor: lord, prince (strong, masculine)

eard: land (strong, masculine)

geat : gate (accusative plural of "gatu"; strong, neuter)

iglond: island (strong, neuter)

lic: body (strong, neuter)

Maria: Mary (weak, (feminine)

Rom: Rome (weak)

Sancta: Saint (Latin adjective "holy" used as a noun)

treow: pledge (strong, (feminine)

Wendelsæ: Mediterranean Sea (feminine)

world: world (strong, (feminine)


Strong Verbs:

ahebban: to lift, raise, exalt

becuman: to come, arrive

fordrifan: to drive away, sweep away

forgyldan: to pay for

gefaran: to travel, go

gehealdan: to keep, preserve

gesittan: to settle, remain, sit

geteon: to draw

licgan: to lie

onginnan: to begin

toniman: to open

weorþan: to become, happen

þurh-slean: to smite through


Weak Verbs:

cirman: to cry out, shout (1st conjugation)

cohhetan: to bluster, shout (1st conjugation)

gristbitian: to gnash the teeth (2nd conjugation)



ealle: completely

feor: far

hider: hither

hlude: loudly

up: up

þus: thus



an: one

ece: eternal, everlasting

til: good

urne (accusative singular of ure): our



for þon: because


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