Chapter 12 Vocabulary



Ælfrede: n; Alfred (proper noun, dative)

Andree: n; Andrew (Latin)

apostoles: n; apostol (genitive)

are: n; honor (dative)

aþas: n; oaths (accusative)

biscop: n; bishop

cyning: n; king

cyricean: n; church (genitive)

Eastengle: n; East Anglians

Finnas: n; Lapps (proper noun)

geare: n; year (dative)

Godes: n; God (genitive)

leasunga: n; false witness

men: n; men

morum: n; moors (dative plural)

Norþhymbre: n; Northumbrians

Paulinus: n; Paulinus (proper noun; Latin)

reliquium: n; relic (Latin)

Scæ: n; Saint (Latin)

þincg: n; thing

þegenas: n; thanes (strong)

word: n; word


bodade: v; proclaimed (weak, 1st conjugation)

demen: v; would judge (weak, 1st conjugation)

eardiaþ: v; dwell (weak, 2nd conjugation)

(ge)earniaþ: v; deserve (weak, 2nd conjugation)

efston: v; hastened (weak, 1st conjugation)

elde: v; hesitated (weak, 1st conjugation)

hæfdon: v; had (weak, 3rd conjugation)

hæfst: v; have (weak, 3rd cojugation)

(ge)halgad: v; kept holy (weak, 2nd conjugation)

lærde: v; taught (weak, 1st conjugation)

(ge)lyfanne: v; believe (weak, first conjugation)

nele: v; does not wish (negative of "willan")

oscuna: v; avoid (weak, 2nd conjugation)

recce: v; am interested in (weak, 1st conjugation)

(ge)seald: v; given (weak, 1st conjugation)

syle: v; give (weak, 1st conjugation)

(ge)timbrade: v; would build (weak, 1st conjugation)

wendon: v; went (weak, 1st conjugation)

(ge)yrsian: v; to be angry (weak, second conjugation)


a: adv; always

forþ: adv; forth

georne: adv; eagerly

micclum: adv; much

nu: adv; now

swa: adv; as

þa: adv; then

ða gyt: adv; still (adverbial phrase)


ænig: adj; any

halgan: adj; holy

unearge: adj; brave

wlance: adj; proud


and: conj; and

gif: conj; if

ond: conj; and


of: prep; from

on: prep; on


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