Amilcar Shabazz PUBLICATIONS
El Mina

History is a weapon. Studied and interpreted wisely, it can help defend, inspire, protect, and unify. If history is ignored, forgotten, or misconstrued, it can be part of the miseducation
of a people that will have them going to the back door even without being told.  Of all our studies history is so very important not only because it is a vital means to the cognition of and solution to many of the problems that beset us, but because it is the heart and soul of our liberation itself.

From "Lecture at El Mina,"
Ghana, 2004.


Amilcar Shabazz, Professor
W. E. B. Du Bois Department
of Afro-American Studies

330 New Africa House
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, MA 01003-9289 USA
Phone: 413.545.2751
Fax: 413.545.0628

Where some of my writings have appeared

My Publication Gallery :







My research & publications


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Women and Others: Perspectives on Race, Gender, and Empire
Co-editor with Celia R. Daileader and Rhoda E. Johnson.
Palgrave Macmillan Press, 2007.

The book comprises a lively and wide-ranging discussion of the intersecting discourses of race, gender, and empire in literature, history, and contemporary culture generally with essays by Joyce Green MacDonald, Trudier Harris, Maxine Montgomery, W. Lawrence Hogue, Indira Ghose, Patricia S. Parker, Andrea Smith, and Vron Ware


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Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas.
University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

For links to scholarly reviews of Advancing Democracy see



The Forty Acres Documents: What Did the United States Really Promise the People Freed from Slavery?
Wrote introduction and co-edited with Imari and Johnita Scott Obadele.

The Malcolm Generation, 1994.

* A revised and expanded edition is in the works *

Download a PDF of the introduction at

Go to my ScholarWorks site for Selected Works of Amilcar Shabazz
Go to for my Google Scholar Profile

See also


Selected Articles, Book Chapters, Essays, & Reviews

* Some of the articles below are available at ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst >> Afro-American Studies

Afterword: “The Shoulders We Stand On: Black Professionals & the Transformation of U.S. Society” in Quest for Justice: Louis A. Bedford Jr. and the Struggle for Equal Rights in Texas by Darwin Payne. Southern Methodist University Press, 2009.

Review of The Political Use of Racial Narratives: School Desegregation in Mobile, Alabama, 1954-97 by Richard A. Pride, in The Alabama Review (October 2006): 300-302.

“Carter Wesley & the Making of Houston’s Civic Culture before the Second Reconstruction.” The Houston Review vol. 1, no. 2 (2004): 8-13, 49-50.

Review of They Too Call Alabama Home by Richard Bailey, in The Alabama Review (January 2002): 75-76.

“Muhammad Ahmad (Maxwell Stanford),” in Malcolm X Encyclopedia by Robert L. Jenkins and Mfanya D. Tryman, eds. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002): 62-63.

Review of Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives, and School Desegregation in Houston by William Henry Kellar, in Southwestern Historical Quarterly 105 (October 2001): 377-78.

“Carter Wesley: Sounding the Ram’s Horn for Human Rights,” in Ty Cashion & Frank de la Teja, eds., The Human Tradition in Texas (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2001) 161-75.

Review of A Walk to Freedom: The Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, 1956-1964 by Marjorie White, in The Alabama Review (July 2000): 237-38.

Review of From Selma to Sorrow: The Life and Death of Viola Liuzzo by Mary Stanton, in The Journal of Mississippi History (Winter 1999): 401-02.

“Putting Black Voices In Print.” Review essay of Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory by Philip S. Foner and Robert J. Branham, in Black Issues in Higher Education. April 16, 1998.

“One for the Crows, One for the Crackers: The Strange Career of Public Higher Education in Houston, Texas.” The Houston Review XVIII, 2 (1998): 124-143.

“Art Truths: Houston’s Artistic Traditions and the Problem of Respectability,” ArtLies: Texas Art Journal (Summer 1997): 20-22.

Review of African American Political Thought, 1890-1930: Washington, Du Bois, Garvey & Randolph by Cary Wintz, in Southwestern Historical Quarterly 101 (October 1997): 267-68.

“A Clear Voice: Remembering Betty Shabazz,” The Source: The Magazine of Hip-Hop Music, Culture & Politics (September 1997): 80-81.

Review of Soulfires: Young Black Men on Love and Violence by Daniel J. Wideman and Robyn B. Preston, in The Journal of Negro History 82, issue 3 (Summer 1997): 345-46.

“David McGee: Stepin Fetchit Amongst the Nobles,” ArtLies: Texas Art Journal (April-June 1996): 26-28.

Review of Promises to Keep: A Call for a New American Revolution by Richard N. Goodwin, in The Texas Journal of Political Studies (Spring-Summer 1996): 79-81.

“Gangs in the Nation: The Copycat Syndrome and Media Tricks,” The Source: The Magazine of Hip-Hop Music, Culture & Politics (April 1996): 77.

“Activist Organizations Working to Free Political Prisoners & Prisoners of War,” The Source: The Magazine of Hip-Hop Music, Culture & Politics (October 1995): 82.

“Giving Back to the Community!—Interview with Gil Scott-Heron,” with Larvester Gaither, Gaither Reporter v. 3, n. 2, (February 1995): 13.

Review of Calculating Visions: Kennedy, Johnson, and Civil Rights by Mark Stern, in The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 98(January 1994): 582-83.

Review of Essays on the Civil Rights Movement by John Dittmer, George Wright, and Marvin Dulaney, in Southwestern Historical Quarterly 98 (July 1994): 166-67.

“Blacks and the Vietnam War,” in James Olson, ed.,with Ernest Obadele Starks, The Vietnam War: Handbook of the Literature and Research (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1993), pp. 319-334.

“The African American Educational Legacy in Beaumont, Texas: A Preliminary Analysis.” Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 27 (1991): 56-76.

“Are HBCU’s Bastions of Black Nationalism?” National Honors Report 15 (Summer 1994): 2-4. Review of In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s by Clayborne Carson, in By Any Means Necessary! (October 1990).

Encyclopedia Entries & Other Publications

“Inman Edward Page” and “James Edward ‘Jimmy’ Rushing,” in African American History in the American West: Vignettes of Significant People and Places website created and edited by Quintard Taylor, Jr. (2006) 

“How Deep the Well: From Selma to Timbuktu.” The Bus Stop (Fall 2001).

“African American Entrepreneurs in Alabama: The Roots of Black Business History.” The Net Work Directory Vol. 4 (2000-2001): 50-51.

“What is the Value and Meaning of Black History Month?” Mobile Register Insight Section, February 21, 1999.

The Desegregation of Higher Education in Texas: A Statistical Summary and Research Report. Institute for African American Policy Research, University of Houston. 1992.