Second Announcement, October 11, 1999
The lecturers of the course will be: Barbara
Partee, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Vladimir Borschev, VINITI, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Hotel Kolding Fjord
Tlf (+45) 75510000
Fax (+45) 75510051
Wednesday, January 12, 13.00 to Saturday, January 15, 13.00,
December 1, 1999, 12.00 .
20 PhD-students. Since attendance is strictly limited to 20 and
registration will be on a first-come-first-served basis, it is
strongly recommended that you register as soon as possible.
For registration to take effect you must submit appropriate documentation
that you are a PhD-student, what your home institution is, and
who is your supervisor. This information should be sent to the
course secretary Anne-Mette Guldberg at the address below.
information and registration
University of Southern Denmark, Kolding
Phone: +45 7932 1326
Fax: +45 7932 1448
University of Southern Denmark
Grants are available for registered ph.d.-students according
to the following guidelines:
Danish ph.d.-students pay their
own travel expenses. Accommodation and living expenses will be
Foreign ph.d.-students can have
their travel expenses covered up to DKK 1000. Accommodation and
living expenses will be fully covered. Proper documentation is
required for travel expenses.
Participation in the course is free, but a fee will be charged
to cover the expenses for course material.
and schedule - preliminary
Wednesday, January 12,
13.00 - Saturday,
January 15, 13.00
Six two-hour lectures. Homework will be assigned after each of
the first five lectures, with partial answers provided. Homework
is optional but recommended. A list of suggested advance readings
is found below. These readings will be helpful, but
will not be presupposed.
January 12, 13-15
Lecture 1. Introduction to formal semantics and compositionality.
Introduction to formal semantics and the principle of compositionality.
Illustration: the formal syntax and semantics of the predicate
calculus. First introduction of lambda-abstraction.
Homework 1 & consultation
January 13, 9-11
Lecture 2. Introduction to formal semantics, continued.
Montague's Intensional Logic (mainly the extensional part), including
type theory and model structures. A simple fragment of English
grammar, including category-type correspondences, syntactic and
semantic rules, lexicon, meaning postulates. More lambdas, in
Homework 2 & consultation
January 13, 14-16
Lecture 3. Lexical semantics and the integration of lexical
and formal semantics.
Approaches to lexical semantics. Integration of information from
multiple sources via meaning postulates. Case study: some issues
in the semantics of adjectives, including issues of adjective
sorts (intersective and non-intersective, etc) and semantic composition,
vagueness, scalars, encyclopedia-lexicon issues. First introduction
of the topic of genitives, relational nouns, and relational adjectives
(the topic of lecture 5).
Homework 3 & consultation
January 13, 9-11
Lecture 4. Semantic types and type-shifting.
Type multiplicity, type-shifting, and coercion. Case studies
mainly on conjunction and type-shifting and on noun phrase interpretation
and type-shifting principles. More applications of the lambda-calculus.
Homework 4 & consultation
January 14, 14-16
Lecture 5. The integration of formal and lexical semantics
and the problem of genitives.
Semantic integration, sort-shifting, context, and compositionality.
Case study: genitives, relational nouns, relational adjectives.
Homework 5 & consultation
January 15, 9-12
Lecture 6. Summary and open discussion.
Summary, wrapping up loose ends, open discussion, issues raised
in homework assignments, suggested topics for further reading
- Course prerequisites:
- Students will be expected to
have basic knowledge of first order predicate logic corresponding
to of Allwood, Andersson, Dahl: Logic in Linguistics (Cambridge
University Press, 1977) chapters 1 to 5; or Henriëtte de
Swart: Introduction to Natural Language Semantics (CSLI
Publications, Spring 1998) chapters 1 to 4.
- Other introductory readings:
any one of the following:
- Bach, Emmon (1989): Informal
Lectures on Formal Semantics. State University of New York
Press, Albany. Lectures I - IV.
Chierchia, Gennaro and Sally McConnell-Ginet (1990): Meaning
and Grammar: An Introduction to Semantics. MIT Press, Cambridge.
Chapters 1 and 2.
Heim, Irene and Angelika Kratzer (1997): Semantics in Generative
Grammar. Oxford: Blackwell. Chapters 1-4.
- Another introductory reading
which is less comprehensive but is directly relevant to some
of the issues in the course, especially Lecture 3, is the following:
- Partee, B., 1995: 'Lexical semantics
and compositionality.' In Invitation to Cognitive Science,
2nd edition. D. Osherson, general editor; in Part I: Language,
L. Gleitman and M. Liberman, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp.
- Further suggested background
readings for those interested in learning more about the topics
of the course in advance are listed below. Lecture numbers indicate
the lectures to whose topics the given reading is most relevant.
- Dowty, D., 1979: Word Meaning
and Montague Grammar, Dordrecht: Reidel. (Lec. 3)
Jensen, Per Anker and Carl Vikner (1994): "Lexical knowledge
and the semantic analysis of Danish genitive constructions"
in S.L.Hansen and H.Wegener, eds., Topics in Knowledge-based
NLP Systems, Copenhagen: Samfundslitteratur. (Lec. 5 and
Jensen, Per Anker and Carl Vikner (1996): "The double nature
of the verb have", in LAMBDA 21, OMNIS Workshop
23-24 Nov. 1995, Institut for Datalingvistik, Handelshøjskolen
i København, pp. 25-37. (Lec. 5)
Mel'chuk, Igor (1982): "Lexical functions in lexicographic
description" in Proceedings of the VIIIth Annual Meeting
of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, Berkeley, CA: BLS. (427-444).
Partee, Barbara (1983/1996): "Uniformity vs. Versatility:
A Case Study", appendix to Theo Janssen, (1996), "Compositionality",
Johan van Benthem and Alice ter Meulen, eds., The Handbook
of Logic and Language. Amsterdam; Elsevier. (Lec. 5)
Partee, Barbara (1987): "Noun phrase interpretation and
type-shifting principles", in J. Groenendijk, D. de Jongh,
and M. Stokhof, eds.,
Studies in Discourse Representation Theory and the Theory
of Generalized Quantifiers, GRASS 8, Foris, Dordrecht, 115-143.
Partee, Barbara and Mats Rooth (1983): "Generalized conjunction
and type ambiguity", in R. Bauerle, C. Schwarze, and A.
von Stechow (eds.) Meaning, Use and Interpretation of Language,
Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. 361-383. (Lec. 4)
Partee, Barbara and Vladimir Borschev (1998): "Integrating
lexical and formal semantics: Genitives, relational nouns, and
type-shifting." In: R. Cooper and Th. Gamkrelidze,
eds., Proceedings of the Second Tbilisi Symposium on Language,
Logic, and Computation. Tbilisi: Center of Language, Logic, and Speech,
Tbilisi State University, 229-241. (Lec. 5)
Pustejovsky, James (1993): "Type coercion and lexical selection",
in J. Pustejovsky, ed., Semantics and the Lexicon, Reidel:
Kluwer. (73-94). (Lec. 3, 4, 5)
Vikner, Carl and Per Anker Jensen (Unplished ms 1999): "A
semantic analysis of the English genitive: Interaction of lexical
and formal semantics."
The course is sponsored by the Danish Graduate School in Language
and Communication. The course is arranged by Per Anker Jensen.